藏药抗高原缺氧损伤保护作用研究进展
投稿时间:2022-05-24  修订日期:2022-09-01  点此下载全文
引用本文:王子晗,赵安鹏,牟宏芳,郭茜文,程俊飞,王荣.藏药抗高原缺氧损伤保护作用研究进展[J].药学实践杂志,2022,40(5):408~415
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作者单位E-mail
王子晗 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九四〇医院药剂科, 甘肃 兰州 730050
甘肃中医药大学药学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000 
 
赵安鹏 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九四〇医院药剂科, 甘肃 兰州 730050  
牟宏芳 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九四〇医院药剂科, 甘肃 兰州 730050  
郭茜文 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九四〇医院药剂科, 甘肃 兰州 730050
甘肃中医药大学药学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000 
 
程俊飞 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九四〇医院药剂科, 甘肃 兰州 730050  
王荣 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九四〇医院药剂科, 甘肃 兰州 730050
甘肃中医药大学药学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000 
wangrong-69@163.com 
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81673508);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(3192020009);甘肃省青年科技基金计划(20JR10RA014);联勤保障部队第九四〇医院院内应急医学科研项目(20yjky017)
中文摘要:藏医是在广泛吸收和融合中国传统医学、印度医学和大食医学理论的基础上,经过长期实践而形成的独特的医学体系,同时,青藏高原具有海拔高、资源匮乏、氧气不足等特点,但是也形成了其得天独厚的地理环境,生长出许多珍稀药用植物——藏药。藏药历史悠久,是中国比较完整和有影响力的民族药之一,在治疗高原疾病方面发挥了重要作用。近年来,随着高原经济活动增多,高原缺氧极大地影响了高原作业能力。根据《中国藏药》通过查阅文献,归纳具有抗高原缺氧作用的藏药其药理作用、有效成分、生长环境等,并根据作用部位将它们分为对肺保护作用、对心保护作用、对脑保护作用、对肝脏保护作用、改善疲劳和其他等6类药物,旨在为发现更多有潜力的抗缺氧药物提供理论依据。
中文关键词:高原缺氧  藏药  抗缺氧  作用
 
Research progress of Tibetan medicine against plateau hypoxia
Abstract:Tibetan is a kind of medicine which extensively absorbed and fused the Chinese Traditional Medicine, Indian medicine and food through long-term practice and form the unique medical system. At the same time, the Qinghai Tibet plateau has characteristics of high altitude and lack of resources and oxygen, which has formed its unique geographical environment and grow a lot of rare medicinal plants. Tibetan medicine has a long history and is one of the relatively complete and influential ethnic medicines in China, which has played an important role in the treatment of plateau diseases. In recent years, with the increasing of economic activities in the plateau, the plateau anoxia had greatly affected the working capacity of the plateau. According to "Chinese medicine" through the literature, the pharmacological activities, active ingredients, growing environment of Tibetan medicine with good plateau hypoxia effect were reviewed and according to the site, which could be divided into the lung protection medicine, the cardiac protection medicine, the brain protection medicine, the liver protection medicine, the improvement of fatigue medicine and other medicine, which could provide theoretical basis for finding more potential anti-hypoxia drugs.
keywords:high altitude hypoxia  Tibetan medicine  resistance to hypoxia  effect
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